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In Brief

Official name Republic of China
National flag
Area (Taiwan and associated islands) 36,193 square kilometers
Climate Subtropical (mean temperature 18 C in winter, 28 C in summer)
Check the current conditions and latest weather forecast at the Central Weather Bureau.
Population 23.49 million (December 2015)
Ethnicity More than 95 percent Han Chinese (including Holo, Hakka and other groups originating in mainland China); 2 percent indigenous Austronesian peoples; 2 percent immigrant residents, primarily from mainland China and Southeast Asia
Government Multiparty democracy (semipresidential republic)
President Tsai Ing-wen
Capital Taipei City
Other major cities New Taipei City, Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan and Kaohsiung
Official language Mandarin
National currency New Taiwan Dollar (NT$ or TWD)
GDP (nominal) US$530 billion (2014)
Major religions Buddhism, Taoism, I-Kuan Tao, Chinese folk religion, Christianity, Islam
Time zone UTC +8 Hours
Country calling +886
Electricity AC 110V/60Hz

Photo by Harry Huang