- In December 1987 Taiwan lifted the
ban on travel to China for those
with close relatives there.
- The full relaxation of restrictions
on Taiwan travelers visiting China
came into effect in December 2008
with the opening of direct flights.
Since the government relocated to Taiwan in 1949, it has
exercised jurisdiction over Taiwan proper, Penghu Islands,
Kinmen Islands, Matsu Islands and a number of smaller
islands, while China has been under the control of the
authorities in Beijing. Beginning with the acceleration of
Taiwan’s democratization in the late 1980s, many restrictions
concerning civil exchanges with China have been lifted.
Today, Taiwan is one of the biggest investors in China.
Between 1991 and the end of February 2019, approved
investment in China comprised 43,401 cases totaling
US$183.4 billion. In 2018, the value of cross-strait trade was
US$150.5 billion. In that year, travelers from China made
2.66 million visits to Taiwan.
An aircraft on a direct cross-strait flight soars over Taipei Expo Park.(Huang Chung-hsin)
In June 2008, institutionalized talks between Taiwan’s
semiofficial Straits Exchange Foundation and China’s Association
for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits resumed after a 10-year
hiatus. By August 2015, 11 rounds of negotiations had been
held alternately on either side of the Taiwan Strait, producing
23 formal agreements and two consensuses.
Most significant among the accords is the Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation
Framework Agreement (ECFA) concluded in June 2010, which
aims to institutionalize trade and economic relations between
Taiwan and China.
Peace and Stability
In order to promote thorough domestic reforms, the country
requires a peaceful, stable external environment, especially with
regard to relations with China. President Tsai Ing-wen, since
taking office May 20, 2016, has worked to build a consistent,
predictable and sustainable cross-strait relationship based on
existing realities and political foundations.
The government’s unchanged position is to maintain the crossstrait
status quo. This is Taiwan’s commitment to the region
and the world. Peace, prosperity and development in Asia are
common responsibilities of all countries in the region. Therefore,
cross-strait issues are connected to regional peace. Taiwan will
fulfill its responsibilities of safeguarding regional security by
continuing to extend goodwill and maintaining stable, consistent
and predictable cross-strait relations.
In recent years, China has set political preconditions for crossstrait
exchanges, unilaterally suspended official interactions, and
continuously exerted political suppression and military coercion
on Taiwan. On Jan. 2, 2019, China proposed exploration of
the “one country, two systems” model for Taiwan, disrupting
the status quo of regional peace and stability. President Tsai put forth March 11 guidelines to counter the “one country, two
systems” model for Taiwan, strengthen national security measures,
safeguard national sovereignty and ensure that current and future
generations have the right to decide Taiwan’s future.
The government will continue to address cross-strait ties based
on the ROC Constitution, the Act Governing Relations Between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area, and the
will of the people.
In addition, the government calls upon the authorities in China
to face up to the reality that the ROC exists and that the people
of Taiwan have an unshakable faith in the democratic system. The
government will continue to deepen cooperation with the U.S.,
Japan and other like-minded countries to counter China’s threats
to Taiwan, promote regional peace, stability and prosperity, and
protect the nation’s interests.