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 group of elementary school students visits Taitung Art Museum in southeastern Taiwan’s Taitung County.
A group of elementary school students visits Taitung Art Museum in southeastern Taiwan’s Taitung County. (Chuang Kung-ju)

  • Taiwan implemented a 12-year compulsory education system in 2014.
  • There are 145 universities and colleges in Taiwan.
Education is an important component of ROC government policymaking and accounts for a large portion of the budget. With an increasing emphasis on the importance of attaining tertiary education, those with at least a technical college or university degree account for 44 percent of Taiwan’s population aged 15 and above, an 11 percentage points increase over the past decade.
To offer students a longer period of basic learning, the Ministry of Education (MOE) announced plans in April 2012 to extend compulsory education in Taiwan from nine to 12 years. The new program, designed to ensure students spend an additional three years at academically oriented senior high schools, vocational senior high schools or junior colleges, was implemented in 2014.
Every year in competitions such as the International Science Olympiad, young students from Taiwan win distinctions in biology, chemistry, informatics, mathematics and physics. The talent in Taiwan’s workforce has contributed tremendously to enhancing economic prosperity and quality of life.
In 2013, the MOE absorbed the Sports Affairs Council as part of the government’s efforts to promote sport for all. Taipei will host the 2017 Summer Universiade, the biggest global sporting event ever staged in Taiwan.
A total of 54 local universities and colleges, including those in the vocational education system, offered 229 degree programs taught in English in the 2014- 2015 academic year.
Both government and university scholarships are available for international students. The Taiwan Scholarship Program, for instance, offers grants to students interested in Chinese studies, as well as those who wish to pursue undergraduate or graduate degrees in diverse fields. Interested applicants may contact the ROC’s embassies and representative offices or visit the MOE’s website: www.edu.tw.
Literacy rate: 98.7percent (2016)
Government outlays for education, science and culture: 20.8 percent of central government budget(2017)
Institutions of higher learning: 158 (145 universities and colleges, 13 junior colleges)
Students enrolled in institutions of higher learning: 1.31million